Political Football – 03: Bhoycott!

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Season 1949-50 got off to an unusually promising start for a Celtic team which had recently been involved in a relegation scare – with over a decade having passed since any major silverware had darkened the trophy room at Celtic Park. The first game of the season, a League Cup tie at home to Rangers, saw debutants Bobby Collins and Mike Haughney help their established team-mates get off to flyer with an unexpected 3-2 victory. The classy manner of the display, with the skilful Pat McAuley earning most of the plaudits, gave encouragement that a corner was turned: a win over Rangers with football being played in the traditional Celtic style. That early hope was soon to disappear though – and the blame didn’t lie at the feet of the players.

 

A fortnight later Celtic travelled to Ibrox for what proved to be one of the most controversial Glasgow derbies of that era before a crowd of 95,000. On the half-hour mark, with the score at 0-0, Charlie Tully pursued a pass-back from Rangers’ defender Sammy Cox. Cox successfully shepherded the ball away from Tully back to his ‘keeper Bobby Brown, then turned round – and kicked Tully clean in the stomach. This happened directly in front of the West terracing which housed the Celtic support (where the Broomloan Stand sits today). The fans waited for the penalty award and, probably less likely, a red card for the Rangers defender . . . and waited. While Tully lay collapsed on the ground the game was played on and the referee took no action at all. Furious at the blatant injustice, some Celtic fans started throwing bottles – causing hundreds of other fans to spill onto the pitch. The game was then stopped to allow Tully to be treated by the trainer – and still the referee took no action.

 

Charlie Tully Ibrox Charlie Tully – darling of the Celtic support in the late 40s and 50s – playing at Ibrox

 

Celtic went on to lose the game 2-0. Worse was to come though. Celtic pressed the SFA for an inquiry into the events which caused the disturbance on the terracing that day. The inquiry’s findings were announced on the 7th September – with both Cox and Tully being formally reprimanded for provoking the violent disorder at the game. When Celtic Chairman, Bob Kelly, pushed for an explanation as to how Tully could possibly be responsible for an incident where he was clearly the victim, the SFA advised that the Irishman “had stimulated any slight injury he may have received.” Celtic’s disgust at this decision was compounded when it became apparent that in the referee’s match report he had stated that he had not seen the incident between Cox and Tully. How then could Tully be punished for play-acting if the referee hadn’t seen it?

 

Sammy CoxSammy Cox, Rangers – honing his skill of kicking Tully’s stomach

 

The SFA refused to consider the matter further. A few days later, on 13th September, Rangers were the visitors to Celtic Park for the semi-final of the Glasgow Cup. That tournament enjoyed high attendances in the 1940s and there were concerns aired in the press from politicians and police at the potential for further trouble in that and subsequent fixtures between the two clubs. All hoped that this game would pass without incident. It did – until three minutes from the end.

 

The score was balanced at 1-1. Celtic were on the attack and, when a Celtic player was fouled, the cry went up for a free-kick. The ball was dead. The referee waved play on. Some Celtic players crowded round him, demanding the free-kick. The rest of the Celtic team watched on. There was no concern then when a Rangers player passed the ball forward, as the game had clearly come to a halt. Now, as Morrissey once sang, Stop Me If You’ve Heard This One Before: a similar incident occurred in a modern Celtic-Rangers match. Back in 1949, the Rangers striker with the ball ran clear through, without any challenge from a Celtic defender, and stroked the ball into the net. No Celtic player had attempted to stop the attack in the knowledge that they were chancing their arm and that play was suspended. The referee had other ideas. He indicated that a goal had been scored and that the game would re-start from the centre spot. The Celtic players, led by Tully, went ballistic.

 

A chant came up from the supporters in the Hayshed enclosure, the fore-runner to the Jungle, of “Go off! Go off!” The fans were urging the Celtic players to walk off the pitch in disgust at the referee’s conduct. The Celtic players could be seen discussing the issue, as the Glasgow Herald reported: ‘Celtic’s chagrin knew no bounds then, and to the horror of those who have the interests of the game at heart, Tully was quite clearly seen to be urging his team-mates to leave the field.’ The Celtic players did not walk off in protest though, the game re-started and was quickly ended – with Celtic knocked out of the competition.

 

What action was taken against the referee? None. The result stood, despite the obvious unfairness in what had occurred with the Rangers players clearly taking advantage of the fact their counterparts had stopped playing. Yet the authorities did take action against someone. Even though the Celtic players had remained on the field after the goal, Charlie Tully was again the victim of the SFA – this time charged on the basis of ‘incitement and ultimately fined. Where, you may well ask, was the sporting integrity in all this?

 

The club challenged the SFA through internal committees and meetings – to no avail. The incidents would not be revisited. The results in both games would stand. Bob Kelly’s main concern was the fact that another game between the two teams was scheduled for later in the same month – on 24th September. Given the obvious anger felt by Celtic supporters at the refereeing decisions and treatment of their club, Bob Kelly petitioned the SFA to postpone the game on the ground of public safety. Once again, Celtic were rebuffed – the game, scheduled for Ibrox, would go ahead.

 

Bob Kelly CelticBob Kelly – Celtic Chairman from the 40s through to 1971

 

That was the final straw as far as the Celtic support was concerned.   The Celtic Supporters Association had only been formed five years earlier and this was seen as a true test of its mettle. Urgent meetings were held to decide what action could be taken. The club’s view was that it had exhausted all the avenues open to it to protest the decisions of the referees and the SFA’s bizarre actions. The hostility to Celtic – and bias against the club – was open and apparent. It was also clear to many within the club and the wider support that, if Celtic were to go the way of their counterparts in Belfast – who had withdrawn from the game earlier that year in protest following the Boxing Day match against Linfield in 1948 when their players were seriously injured – few in the hierarchy of Scottish football would shed a tear.

 

Doing nothing was not perceived as an option by the CSA. The soundings taken confirmed that Celtic support wanted to make some form of protest at recent events. Inspiration came from Ireland where the concept of a ‘boycott’ had first taken hold the previous century. County Mayo was home to the famed Irish patriot Michael Davitt –of Celtic’s first patrons and a political associate of the club’s founding fathers – and it was also the heartland of Davitt’s Land League organisation which campaigned for fair rents and treatment for tenants from largely absentee English landlords at the time. One of the worst landlords was the Earl of Erne and his agent, a former British Army captain called Charles Boycott, was the first individual to be targeted by the Land League after he started serving notices of eviction on the local population. The campaign to isolate him, which included labourers withdrawing from the estate and local shops refusing to service, gave rise to the term ‘boycott’.

 

Michael Davitt  Michael Davitt – leader of the Irish Land League, Celtic FC Patron

 

Could the CSA take a decision to boycott the forthcoming league fixture at Ibrox? It was undoubtedly a major gamble. The idea of not turning up to support the team, especially at that ground, was an unpalatable one to many fans. Yet if the call to boycott was met with a lukewarm response then the CSA would effectively be finished as a representative body. There was a lot at stake when the Association announced that its member clubs would boycott the Rangers game – and urged all Celtic supporters to do the same.

 

Captain BoycottCaptain Boycott – as portrayed in Vanity Fair

 

Many in the press were either hostile to the suggestion of a fan-organised boycott or sceptical about it working, especially in an important fixture between the country’s two biggest teams. Many Celtic fans indicated that they would watch the reserve fixture against Rangers at Celtic Park instead on the same day but even then the view was that relatively few Celtic fans would actually choose to miss the big game. The Celtic support though was not in a forgiving mood and genuine anger persisted at the way the club and its players had been treated at all levels of the SFA.

 

The match report in the Glasgow Herald conveyed a sense of what the game was like on 24th September 1949: ‘Rangers, Celtic – Match of Unreality’. The Daily Record’s report was headed up ‘All-Ticket? Not for Old Firm “Ghosts”. In a front page article in that night’s Evening Times headlined ‘Boycott Cuts the Ibrox Crowd’ a reported stated that “There was something different about the ‘Old Firm’ battle at Ibrox Stadium today. Extra police were on duty inside and outside the park, the fans in their invalid chairs were there, and the band played, but the crowd was cut by 30 per cent. The boycott of Celtic supporters was on.”

 

Herald headlineGlasgow Herald reports on the Boycott match

Attendance at the game was 60,000 – 35,000 Celtic supporters had boycotted the fixture compared to the numbers who had turned at Ibrox a few weeks previous. The call of the Association had been met with a real show of support, indicative of the contempt felt at the actions of officials and ‘blazers’ against Celtic. Picture Post, a popular photo journal of the time based in London, had sent a journalist up to cover the game and his report confirmed the impact that the boycott had on the game itself:

 

‘In this year’s fourth meeting between the clubs, a new tactic was introduced – perhaps for the first time in football history, we saw the Cold War at work. The Celtic Supporters’ Association announced a boycott of the game. The terraces at Ibrox’s West End, where Celtic supporters traditionally gather, were half-heartedly empty a few minutes before the game began . . . The Cold War has its own weapons. Rangers take the field. There is dead silence from the Celtic terraces.’  The journalist questioned Bob Kelly as to why the boycott had taken place and was told it ‘was a mark of disapproval registered against the standard of refereeing from which the Celtic followers believe their club has suffered unfairly.’

Celtic, unsurprisingly, lost the game – by four goals to nil. Alan Breck, in the Evening Times, identified some of the reasons behind the heavy defeat: ‘What between the vacant spaces on the terraces, the deployment of police in the ground, and the absence of noted personalities from the Celtic team the “Old Firm” engagement at Ibrox to-day had an unreal ring about it. Not a banner was seen and hardly a cheer was heard when Celtic appeared.’ The most notably absent personality was Charlie Tully himself: Celtic had suggested he’d returned to Belfast as he was unwell, but no-one believed that. Jock Weir and Pat McAuley were, curiously, dropped also.

 

Boycott game Willie Miller saves from Williamson Sept 1949Celtic ‘keeper Willie Miller saves from Rangers’ Billy Williamson in the Boycott match – and surprisingly avoids a caution from the referee for his provocative behaviour

 

The fact that Celtic played with only one recognised forward in the front-line, gave a debut to Willie Rennett (only signed from junior club Lochee Harp that month) and ‘played four bit boys not one of them with more than six weeks experience of first class football’ led many to suspect that Celtic had decided not to treat the game as a competitive fixture. It has been suggested, some years later, that Bob Kelly spoke to each of the players before the game to warn them of their conduct – and instruct them not to attempt to win the game. This fits with the view of Celtic historian Tom Campbell who recalled that Celtic ‘were clearly playing to strict instructions and avoided all body-contact, making only token attempts to challenge for the ball. Rangers seemed almost embarrassed – but won 4-0.” No shame for the shameless, it would appear.

 

An interesting footnote to this game concerns the Celtic defender Jimmy McGuire who had earned the nickname ‘The Killer’ from the Celtic fans for his whole-hearted approach to defending. It was perhaps no surprise that Jimmy, from Plains in Lanarkshire, had difficulty adhering to orders that day to refrain from any tough tackling. At one point he launched a ‘crude’ challenge on Shaw, who was already injured, and gave away a penalty. Bob Kelly was not a man who appreciated his orders being ignored: ‘The Killer’ only played on one more occasion for Celtic and was released at the end of the season.

 

Jimmy The Killer McGuireJimmy ‘The Killer’ McGuire – the pride of Plains

 

It was the Glasgow derby that Celtic decided not to try to win. Yet it is better known as being the first occasion when a group of football supporters organised a large-scale boycott of a match (costing Rangers approximately £2,000), using political tactics to make an important stand. Of course, Celtic’s troubles with the SFA were far from over (will they ever be?) but in 1949 the Celtic support stood as one and sent out the clear public message that they and their club would not be treated as second-class citizens by the football authorities.

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Read the 1st and 2nd articles in the ‘Political Football’ series here:

https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/the-shamrock-online/

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lssue 2 of The Shamrock – Celtic Retro fanzine is on-sale from the Ross County game on 27th December.  More info here:

https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/subscriptions/

Sham 2 cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issue 2 of THE SHAMROCK – on sale from Sat 27th December (Ross County game)

Sham 2 cover

We are delighted to announce the arrival, after a difficult and lengthy  birth, of Issue 2 of the Celtic retro fanzine – fresh out of the Christmas stable.  The fanzine is on sale from Saturday 27th December at Celtic Park and  the usual outlets.

More of an annual than a regular fanzine we hope that you’ll enjoy the range of articles on topics as varied as The Madness of Sir Bob Kelly, the genius of Lubo, the rise and fall of Celtic’s pioneering brake clubs and the musical masterpiece that arose out of the ashes of one of the most remarkable games ever witnessed at Celtic Park.

Sham 2 box, inside, cover

In addition to all that we have the pleasure of Frank Rafters from the Maley Bhoys blog writing about perhaps Celtic’s greatest-ever servant, the amazing Alec McNair – known to all throughout his career as ‘The Icicle’.  Think Efe Ambrose . . . and then replace that thought with a top class, assured defender who didn’t set his team-mates teeth on edge when the ball was at his feet.  And kept down a Celtic first-team place for two decades!  Welcome aboard Frank.

And once again we have the benefit of tremendous design work throughout from Ritchie Feenie at Kinghorn Creative (visit http://kinghorncreative.wordpress.com/  for more of Ritchie’s work) including a stunning front cover  of ‘The Icicle’ himself as well as Champagne Charlie Nicholas in his Celtic pomp in honour of his stunning goal away at Ajax in 1982.

Sham 2 inside and cover ad

Copies of issue 2 will be sent to subscribers on Monday 29th December.

To order a copy or subscribe to The Shamrock via Paypal please click on this link:  https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/subscriptions/

Thank you for your support of The Shamrock both online and in print.

 Hail x 2

Tommy Burns – For the Record

Tommy Burns POTY dance, band in the background

We received this great wee Tommy story by email – it followed on from the first wee story we posted about Tommy from one of his Kilmarnock players, Alan Kerr, which was warmly received.  Please share any other Tommy stories that you may have (theshamrock@outlook.com).  Thanks to Jamesie from Falkirk for sharing. 

 

Tommy told this story at a supporters function about five or so years before he sadly passed away.   It demonstrates the positive attitude to live that Tommy seemed to exude – and went down really well on the night.

A couple of months before Tommy had attended the funeral of one of his uncles (I think on his mother’s side).  It was a very sad occasion but Tommy found it uplifting at the same time as the family were allowed to play some of his Uncle’s favourite songs from his own record collection as part of the service.  He said this was a lovely touch and, although he’d heard about it before, it was the first funeral he’d attended where it happened.  Tommy, as many people know, was fond of a song himself (and I’m sure we got at least one rendition of ‘Mack The Knife’ that night) so it seemed to really appeal to him that songs other than hymns could be used at a sombre event like that, bringing a true personal touch to the proceedings.

On leaving the service Tommy noticed another one of his uncles standing outside, a brother of the uncle who had just died.  Unfortunately, this uncle was seriously ill himself and Tommy was struggling to find the right balance of what to say to comfort him without bringing up the uncle’s own health problems.  Tommy knew this uncle didn’t have long to live.  He just mentioned his other uncle’s favourite songs getting played and what a lovely touch he thought it was.  Then there was an awkward silence between them as the rest of people were leaving the service.

Tommy told the audience he was relieved to see one of his cousins approaching them – it was a son of the uncle he was speaking to, so he was looking forward to a change of mood to help the old man stop thinking about funerals and imminent death.  Unfortunately it wasn’t to be as his cousin strolled up to them and said to his father:  “Alright Da.  Have you been looking out aw yer auld records then?!?”

The audience was in stitches.  Not so much Gallows humour as Gallowgate humour.

I think of the story often when I remember the man and his incredible warmth – smiling and joking through adversity.  There was no one quite like TB.

Brian McClair

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The first wee TB story is here:  https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/2014/07/17/a-wee-tommy-burns-story/

More Celtic Stories here:  https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/celtic-stories/

 

‘Ten Men Won The League’ book competition winner

Front cover

We are pleased to announce that Peter Mooney from Hamilton has won Stephen Murray’s book about the great night in Celtic’s  history when ten men Celtic fought back to beat Rangers 4-2 and win the league title at the sametime.

Peter was among the majority of those who correctly guessed the answer to this question:

How much did it cost for a terracing ticket for the 4-2 Title Decider v Rangers at Celtic Park on 21st May 1979? 

The correct answer being £1.   A copy of a match ticket (the game was originally set down for January 1979) can be seen below:

West Terracing ticket £1

Thanks to all those who took part.  We hope you get a copy of Stephen’s book in your stocking at Christmas!  It is a tremendous read – please see our review here:  https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/2014/12/07/celtic-book-review-ten-men-won-the-league-by-stephen-murray/

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Issue 2 of The Shamrock – Celtic Retro fanzine will be out shortly.  Issue 1 can be bought online via Paypal – details here:  https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/2014/01/27/the-shamrock-issue-1-on-sale-now-only-3/

 

The Shamrock - Issue 1 on sale now

Celtic Book Review: ‘Ten Men Won The League’ by Stephen Murray

Front cover

 

The 1978-9 season was a truly unique one and this book superbly captures all the drama – and fascinating detail – of an historic episode in The Celtic Story. It is unusual for a football book to be this interesting, engaging and authentic and it is an excellent example of supporter self-publishing. Often with such books either the writing quality, structure or presentation can be of dubious quality and the absence of an editor is all too evident but here Stephen Murray has produced a book which is professional in standard – and an absolute joy to read.

 

You might assume (if you are of a certain Celtic-supporting vintage) that there was little you didn’t already know about the glorious 4-2 season. Yet, from the wreckage of Jock Stein’s last season in charge at Celtic Park, through the notorious Winter of Discontent up until the point where Celtic were 2-1 and Johnny Doyle down to our former greatest rivals in the last game of the season with the championship slipping away, this book throws up one revelation after another: Celtic’s transfer targets in Billy McNeill’s first season in charge included Motherwell’s Gregor Stevens and Willie Pettigrew; midfielder Ronnie Glavin was sent to Barlinnie during the course of an insurance fraud trial; Celtic had four goals disallowed in one game (v Montrose); you could still buy tickets from the club on the morning of the 4-2 game itself. The book is a treasure trove for Celtic fact-fiends and the detailed research on display is exceptional.

 

Billy McNeill Celtic Manager

 

The structure adopted is what helps the story – and atmosphere – of the season build and build ‘til its incredible conclusion. There’s a report of every game played and the reader is taken from the depths of a 4-1 defeat at Pittrodrie to a hard fought 4-3 win at Fir Park, the club’s embarrassing foray into the Anglo-Scottish Cup due to the absence of European football, the riot at Burnley (where the English fans chanted ‘Argentina’ at the away support in reference to that summer’s disastrous World Cup – how the times have changed!), Jock Stein’s testimonial match against Liverpool where a wonderful 62,000 crowd turned up to show their appreciation for the great man through to Rangers’ desperate attempts to avoid a game against Celtic going ahead at Hampden soon after a debilitating European tie. Everything of note that season is touched upon between these covers.

 

The authenticity comes from the author’s ability to recall or unearth details that only a genuine supporter would know or perhaps find of interest. That is how we are reminded of the Celtic fans chanting “The Huns are feart to play us” after the Hampden call-off debacle or the fans staying on after that 4-1 defeat away to Aberdeen to show they still backed the team – a show of the kind of support that Billy McNeill felt helped lift the players all the way to the title in that ultimately gruelling season. The author also recalls the significance of the last time the Celtic support would occupy the vast ‘Celtic End’ terrace at the old Ibrox Park (in a game against St Mirren whose own stadium was under reconstruction) before it became an all-seater stadium, the scene of many fierce battles and cherished moments of celebration for the Celts on and off the field. These kind of memories are particular to fans, take you right back to certain times and places and also demonstrate that the author knows exactly what it was like to stand on those terracings and sing those songs.

 

Murdo McLeod

 

The book also rekindles a vision of an entirely different era in football from now without falling into the nostalgia trap that many seem to. This was a time when you didn’t need to buy a ticket in advance for most games, when most stood on terracing open to the elements and you could take unlimited amounts of alcohol into the ground with you – often resulting in bottles being sent flying towards the pitch when fans decided to vent their spleens. Aberdeen players were genuinely in fear of their safety during one controversial fixture at Celtic Park. This was also a time when commercialism was just creeping into the game and club badges had started to appear on jerseys alongside sportswear branding and sponsorship of individual matches began to take off. Margaret Thatcher came to power during the course of this season and monumental changes in society – as well as football – were just around the corner.

 

Ultimately though it is about the battle between three managers who had just taken the reins at their clubs – Billy McNeill, John Greig and Alex Ferguson in addition to Dundee United’s Jim McLean – for one of the most competitive Scottish league campaigns in history. New faces at Celtic Park included Davie Provan and Murdo McLeod while Roy Aitken and Tommy Burns were emerging as key figures on the park. McNeill moulded them into a compact, fighting unit who remained focused on the prize despite an unimaginable fixture back log caused by months of near-Arctic conditions. This is their story and the pressure builds incessantly towards 21st May 1979. We know this because the author has been able to secure interviews with most of the Celtic team of the time – and even Gordon Smith then a striker with Rangers.

 

Davie Provan

 

The match played between the two Glasgow clubs that evening at Celtic Park is a rare example of “winter takes all” in the Scottish game. Whereas there have been a few examples in recent decades of the title being decided on the final day of the season, it hasn’t been the case that the two teams in pursuit of the title were facing off against each other. The mere thought nowadays would be enough to induce immediate diahorrhea among Scotland’s politicians, media and (especially) police chiefs. This book builds an intense picture of the pressure felt on and off the field as well as the importance of the outcome to players, fans and management teams alike. Unsurprisingly, the final game merits a whole chapter to itself.

 

The Bear's goal

 

This impressive book captures everything from that season and that game with the flair of a Provan run, the commitment of a Danny McGrain tackle and the punch of a Murdo McLeod pile-driver (and fortunately it is not bloated like Peter Latchford’s belly was at the time). It is a book that I expect to return to again and again because of the unique story expertly told as well as the statistics, pictures and quotes from those directly involved on the pitch that help bring it to life. The legend of the “Ten Men” and the “4-2 game” has never been told as well as this before.

 

The Shamrock rating: 8/10

 

 Celebration pic players

 

10-men-badge

 

The book can be purchased from Amazon here:   http://www.amazon.co.uk/Ten-Men-Won-The-League/dp/1503109747

 

Listen to an entertaining interview with the author Stephen Murray on this Celtic Underground podcast here: http://celticunderground.net/the-celtic-underground-podcast-no-228-ten-men-won-the-league/

 

To win a copy of the book in our competition (running until Monday 15th December 2014) click here: https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/2014/12/07/celtic-book-competition-win-a-copy-of-ten-men-won-the-league/

4-2 logo

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Issue 1 of The Shamrock – Celtic Retro fanzine on sale now.   Can be bought online via Paypal – details here:  https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/2014/01/27/the-shamrock-issue-1-on-sale-now-only-3/

The fanzine can also be bought on the day of the game at the Glasgow Programmes stall behind the Lisbon Lions Stand and from various sellers around the main entrance points to Celtic Park.

Also available from Calton Books on London Road and Casa Rebelde in Dublin.

The Shamrock - Issue 1 on sale now

 

 

Celtic Charity Christmas cards – SOLD OUT! More ordered

Thanks to a truly wonderful response from Celtic supporters, our first print run of cards has sold out and we have ordered a second batch.  This means we will raise more monies than first envisaged for the two charities who benefit from each card sale – the Glasgow North East Foodbank and the Kano Foundation.

 

Ad big

 

We are awaiting receipt of the further batch – please note there may be a couple of days delay in orders being sent out.  Contact us on email theshamrock@outlook.com if you have any questions re payments already made/delivery times.

 

Details on how to order/pay for cards here:

https://theshamrockglasgow.wordpress.com/2014/11/28/celtic-charity-christmas-cards-from-the-shamrock/

Thank you again for the excellent support for this initiative.